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Middle Liddell



THIS Abridgement of the Oxford Greek Lexicon has been undertaken in compliance with wishes expressed by several experienced School Masters. It is an entirely new work, and it is hoped that it will meet their requirements.
It differs from the old Abridgement, in that

1st. It is made from the last Edition (1883) of the large Lexicon.
2ndly. The matter contained in it is greatly increased. This increase has been caused by giving fuller explanations of the words, by inserting the irregular forms of Moods and Tenses more fully, by citing the leading Authorities for the different usages, and adding characteristic phrases.

With regard to the citation of Authorsĺ names, it has been endeavoured to give the earliest authority for each usage. When the word or meaning continued in general use, an Ĺetc.ĺ is added to the first authority or authorities. When the original usage seems to be continued only exceptionally, the names of the exceptional authorities have been added.

Generally speaking, words used only by late writers and scientific terms have been omitted. But from Homer downwards, to the close of Classical Attic Greek, care has been taken to insert all words. Besides these, will be found words used by Aristotle in his moral and political treatises, by Polybius and Strabo in the books generally read by students, by Plutarch in his Lives, by Lucian, by the Poets of the Anthology, and by the writers of the New Testament.

With regard to Etymology, when the word represents the Root or Primitive Form with a termination easily separable, it is printed in Capital Letters, as  GEMW KRATOSJ when the Root and termination are not so distinctly separable, the assumed Root is added, as tu,ptw (Root TYP).

In Derived words, reference is made to the Verb or other word under which the Root is given, as nifo, - boloj (ba,llw); except that in cases where the Root can only be found in the aor. 2 or some other tense of a Defective Verb, this form and not the Verb is given, as dro,mojdramei/n└├ o;yijo;yomai.

In Compound words, the parts of which they are made up has been marked by placing a hyphen between them, as avpo─ba,llwavf─i,hmia;─batoj When either part of the compound remains unaltered or only slightly altered, no reference to the simple forms has been thought necessary. And words derived from a compound already divided are left undivided, as filosofe,w from filo,─sofoj.

The Quantity of doubtful syllables is marked: when a doubtful vowel precedes another vowel, it is to be understood that the former is short, unless it is marked long.

CH. CH., OXFORD, Oct. 27, 1888. 

The below Abbreviations List is thanks to www.classicsunlocked.net

absol. = absolute, absolutely
acc. = accusative
acc. to = according to
Act. = Active voice
act. = active signification
Adj. = Adjective
Adv. = Adverb
Aeol. = Aeolic, in the Aeolic dialect
Aesch. = Aeschylus
Aeschin. = Aeschines
Anth. = Anthology
aor. = aorist tense
Ar. = Aristophanes
Arist. = Aristotle
Att. = Attic, in Attic Greek
Babr. = Babrius
c. = cum
c. acc. cognato = with cognate accusative, i. e. when the Subst. has the same or similar signification with the Verb
c. gen. partit. = cum genitivo partitivo
c. gen. pers. = cum genitivo personae
cf. = confer, compare
collat. = collateral
Com. = Comic, in Comic Poets
Compar. or Comp. = Comparative
Conjunct. = Conjunction
contr. = contracted, contraction
dat. = dative
Dem. = Demosthenes
Dep. = Deponent Verb, i. e. a Verb of Middle or Passive form with Active sense
deriv. = derived, derivation
disyll. = disyllable
Dor. = in Doric Greek
Ep. = in Epic Greek
esp. = especially
etc. = et cetera
Eur. = Euripides
f. or fut. = future tense
fem. = feminine
fin. = finem or fine
freq. = frequent, frequently
gen. or genit. = genitive
Hdt. = Herodotus
Hes. = Hesiod
Hom. = Homer
imperat. or imper. = imperative mood
imperf. or impf. = imperfect tense
impers. = impersonal
ind. or indic. = indicative mood
inf. = infinitive mood
intr. or intrans. = intransitive
Ion. = Ionic, in the Ionic dialect
irreg. = irregular
Isocr. = Isocrates
Lat. = Latin
lengthd. = lengthened
Luc. = Lucian
Lys. = Lysias
masc. = masculine
Med., med. = medium, middle voice
metaph. = metaphorically
metri grat. = metri gratia
Mosch. = Moschus
n. pr. = nomen proprium
N. T. = New Testament
negat. = negativum
neut. = neuter
nom. = nominative
oft. = often
opp. to = opposed to
opt. or optat. = optative mood
orig. = originally
part. = participle
Pass. = Passive voice
pass. = passive signification
pecul. = peculiar
perf. or pf. = perfect tense
Pind. = Pindar
pl. or plur. = plural
Plat. = Plato
plqpf. = plusquamperfectum
Plut. = Plutarch
poŰt. = poetically
Polyb. = Polybius
Prep. = Preposition
pres. = present tense
q. v. = quod vide
qq. v. = quae vide
radic. = radical
regul. = regular, regularly
shortd. = shortened.
signf. = signification
sing. = singular
Soph. = Sophocles
sq. = sequens
Strab. = Strabo
sub. = subaudi, subaudito
subj. = subjunctive mood
Subst. = Substantive
syll. = syllable
Theogn. = Theognis
Theophr. = Theophrastus
Thuc. = Thucydides
Trag. = Tragic, in Tragic Greek
trans. = transitive
trisyll. = trisyllable
usu. = usually
v. = vide
verb. Adj. = verbal Adjective
voc. = voce, vocem
vocat. = vocative
Xen. = Xenophon